Infertility is a global health issue millions of people of reproductive age worldwide. According to the World Health Organization, available data suggests that between 48 million couples and 186 million individuals have infertility globally. Infertility is a disease of the male or female reproductive system defined by the failure to achieve pregnancy after a minimum of 12 months or more of regular unprotected sexual intercourse.
Primary infertility is the inability to have any pregnancy, while secondary infertility is the inability to have a pregnancy after previously successful conception.
Infertility has significant negative impacts on the lives of infertile couples. Women in particular are at greater risk of violence, divorce, social stigma, emotional stress, depression, anxiety and low self-esteem. In some settings, fear of infertility can deter women and men from using contraception if they feel socially pressured to prove their fertility at an early age because of a high social value of childbearing. Infertility can also have negative economic impact when households incur catastrophic out-of-pocket expenditure to access treatment.
Infertility in the U.S.
Infertility statistics by sex
Infertility statistics by race and ethnicity
Common infertility complications
Infertility and infertility complications, like miscarriages, can negatively affect a person’s overall health and quality of life. Many couples who want to start a family and are unable to conceive will experience psychological and interpersonal distress that could negatively impact their quality of life.
The cost of infertility treatment
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